What is Surgical oncology
Surgical oncology is a field of medicine that treats cancer by performing surgeries. As cancer cells can grow rapidly and can stay dormant until they metastasize to effect other adjacent structures, cancer surgeries are performed in such a way that no neoplastic growth is left behind. Usually doctors also remove a part or layer of the adjacent organs along with the organ or part affected by the neoplasm. Surgical oncologists treat pathologies like tumors and cysts by studying their growth and malignancy rate. Sometimes a tumor is just too huge and it’s removal may affect the adjacent structures in these cases, surgical oncologists plan the treatment in such a way that reconstruction is done and normal functionality of the organ parts is met.